Determinants of Pre-Diabetes on Teenagers in Palangka Raya City

Sylvia, Ester Inung and Datak, Gad and Ardiyani, Visia Didin (2019) Determinants of Pre-Diabetes on Teenagers in Palangka Raya City. Global Health Management Journal, 3 (3). pp. 117-123. ISSN 2580-9296

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Background: Pre-diabetes is a stage prior to diabetes mellitus (DM) and many studies in west countries found the risk factors of diabetes were mostly related to the nutrifional status of being overweight and obese. Dia- betes mellitus is not only experienced by adults but also by teenagers. They have the potenfial for pre-diabetes because they may have unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking, consuming alcohol, high-calories, and junk foods and lack of physical acfivity. This study aims to determine the risk factors of pre-diabetes among senior high school students in Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Methods: This study was a qualitafive study using a quesfionnaire as an instrument for data collecfion. It consists of a set of quesfions on diabetes risk. This research conducted in four public senior high schools in Palangka Raya with the total sample was 131 respondents have parficipated in this research.
Results: 25 respondents (19.1%) from a total sample of 131 parficipants suffered from pre-diabetes and 30.5% of respondents had a family with DM. Some students (6.9%) had a smoking habit and 13% incidence of pre- diabetes in high school students related to these factors (R2: 0.13). Only less than half of the total respondents (43.5%) had a normal BMI. As many as 39.7% of respondents were undernourished while the rest were over- weight.
Conclusion: Pre-diabetes factors on teenagers in Palangka Raya are female dominate had a history of DM, and being overweight. This study further leads to the importance of weight control that focusing on physical acfivity and dietary management as early precaufions. Health educafion is required to suppress the number of risk fac- tors for diabetes.

Item Type: Jurnal Artikel
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pre-diabetes, Palangka Raya High School Students, Indonesia
Subjects: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111704 Community Child Health
Divisions: Jurusan Keperawatan > Program Studi Diploma IV Keperawatan
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2019 09:51
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2019 09:51

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