Gambaran psikologis masyarakat terdampak pandemi covid-19

Rifai, Rahmat Nur (2021) Gambaran psikologis masyarakat terdampak pandemi covid-19. Karya Tulis Ilmiah, PROGRAM STUDI DIPLOMA III KEPERAWATAN, POLTEKKES KEMENKES PALANGKARAYA.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang : Munculnya pandemi menimbulkan stres pada berbagai lapisan masyarakat. Meskipun sejauh ini belum terdapat ulasan sistematis tentang Gambaran Psikologis Masyarakat Terdampak Pandemi COVID-19, namun sejumlah penelitian terkait pandemi menunjukkan adanya beberapa dampak terhadap psikologis penderitanya.

Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk mengetahui Gambaran Psikologis Masyarakat Terdampak Pandemi COVID-19.

Metode Penelitian : Literatur review menggunakan database pencarian Google Scholar dengan studi yang menggunakan desain cross sectional yang diterbitkan pada tahun 2020- 2021. Jurnal diseleksi menggunakan PRISMA checklist yang meliputi judul, abstrak, teks lengkap dan metodologi untuk menilai kelayakan dari penelitian tersebut hingga diperoleh tiga jurnal yang akan digunakan dalam literatur review.

Hasil penelitian : Berdasarkan hasil penelitian Dampak psikologis akibat pandemi COVID�19 dikategorikan menjadi 5 kategori yaitu normal, stress ringan, stres sedang, stres berat, dan stres sangat berat. Dengan hasil 52% responden berada pada kategori normal. Namun 16% responden mengalami stress sangat berat dengan adanya pandemi COVID-19. Stigma mengenai COVID-19 mulai bermunculan. Mulai dari penolakan sampai diskriminasi terhadap orang dengan COVID-19, seperti para tenaga kesehatan, pasien, kerabat pasien bahkan jenazah orang dengan COVID-19.

Kesimpulan : Berdasarkan 3 jurnal yang penulis dapatkan mayoritas masyarakat di Indonesia terkena dampak psikologis COVID-19,adanya pandemi COVID-19 dapat menyebabkan psikosomatis. Psikosomatis merupakan penyakit fisik yang disebabkan oleh faktor psikologis . Kemungkinan reaksi yang berhubungan dengan stres sebagai respons terhadap pandemi coronavirus dapat mencakup perubahan konsentrasi iritabilitas, kecemasan, insomnia berkurangnya produktivitas dan konflik antarpribadi. Perubahan pada kebiasaan masyarakat yang tidak lagi melakukan interaksi secara langsung sesama masyarakat, timbulnya individualitas pada diri masyarakat, peningkatan kecurigaan pada sesama masyarakat.

Background : The emergence of a pandemic causes stress to various levels of society. Although so far there has been no systematic review of the psychological impact of COVID�19 and changes in people's behavior in Indonesia, a number of studies related to the pandemic show that there are several psychological impacts on sufferers.

Research Objectives : To find out the Psychological Picture of Communities Affected by the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Research Methods: Literature review using the Google Scholar search database with studies using a cross sectional design published in 2020-2021. Journals were selected using the PRISMA checklist which included the title, abstract, full text and methodology to assess the feasibility of the study so that three journals were obtained to be used in the literature review.

Research results : Based on the results of the study, the psychological impact due to the COVID-19 pandemic was categorized into 5 categories, namely normal, mild stress, moderate stress, severe stress, and very heavy stress. With the results 52% of respondents are in the normal category. However, 16% of respondents experienced severe stress due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Stigma about COVID-19 is starting to emerge. Starting from rejection to discrimination against people with COVID-19, such as health workers, patients, relatives of patients and even corpses of people with COVID-19.

Conclusion : Based on 3 journals that the authors found, the majority of people in Indonesia are psychologically affected by COVID-19, the COVID-19 pandemic can cause psychosomatic. Psychosomatic is a physical illness caused by psychological factors. Possible stress-related reactions in response to the coronavirus pandemic could include altered concentration, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, reduced productivity and interpersonal conflict. Changes in people's habits that no longer interact directly with other people, the emergence of individuality in the community, increasing suspicion among people.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir Mahasiswa (Karya Tulis Ilmiah)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dampak COVID-19, Psikologi, Masyarakat
Subjects: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1116 Medical Physiology > 111602 Human Biophysics
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology
Divisions: Jurusan Keperawatan > Program Studi Diploma III Keperawatan
Supervisor: Lestari, Mimin
Depositing User: Rahmat Nur Rifai
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2022 04:47
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2022 04:47
URI: http://repo.poltekkes-palangkaraya.ac.id/id/eprint/1968

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