Asupan kalsium terhadap dismenore pada remaja di Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Palangka Raya

Anindita, Ghina (2019) Asupan kalsium terhadap dismenore pada remaja di Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Palangka Raya. Skripsi, PROGRAM STUDI SARJANA TERAPAN KEBIDANAN, POLTEKKES KEMKES PALANGKARAYA.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Dismenore adalah rasa nyeri yang dirasakan pada saat menstruasi. Di Indonesia angka kejadian diperkirakan 55% perempuan produktif yangmengalamidismenore. Faktor risiko seseorang mengalami dismenore adalah asupan kalsium, lama menstruasi, usia menarche, dan tingkat stress. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan asupan kalsium dan kejadian dismenore pada remaja di Politeknik Kesehatan Palangka Raya. Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional. Desain penelitian adalah kasus kontrol dengan jumlah sampel kasus:kontrol sebesar 31:31. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan Proportionate Stratified Random Sampling. Data karakteristik sampel, kejadian dismenore dan faktor risiko diperoleh dengan metode wawancara menggunakan kuesioner danNumeric Rating Scale. Analisa data menggunakan Uji Chi Square dan Fisher Exact. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkanada sebanyak6 orang (19,4%) mahasiswi yang cukup kalsium mengalami nyeri dismenore, sedangkan diantara mahasiswi yang kurang kalsium, ada 25 orang (80,6%) mahasiswi yang mengalami nyeri dismenore. Hasil uji Chi Squaremenunjukkanmahasiswayang kurang kalsium mempunyai risiko 8,750 kali mengalami nyeri dibandingkan denganmahasiswa yang cukup kalsium(p-value = 0,000). Kesimpulan:Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, ada hubungan antara asupan kalsium terhadap dismenore pada remaja. Saran: Disarankan bagi remaja untukmengkonsumsi sumber makanan tinggi kalsium untuk membantu mencegah terjadinya dismenore. xiii + 65 hlm; 2019; 7 tabel; 4 gambar Daftar Pustaka:40 buah (2008-2019)

Background:Dysmenorrhea is pain that is felt during menstruation. In Indonesia the incidence is estimated that 55% of productive women experience dysmenorrhea. Risk factors for a person experiencing dysmenorrhea are calcium intake, menstrual period, age of menarche,and stress level. Objective:Todetermine the relationship of calcium intake and the incidence of dysmenorrhea in adolescents at the Palangka Raya Health Polytechnic. Method: Thetype of research used in this study is observational analytic. The design ofthe study was case control with a sample number of cases: a control of 31:31. Sampling is done byProportionate Stratified Random Sampling. Data on sample characteristics, incidence of dysmenorrhea and risk factors were obtained by interview method usinga questionnaire and theNumeric Rating Scale. Data analysis using Chi Square Test and Fisher Exact. Results:The results showed that there were 6 people (19.4%) who had enough calcium to experience dysmenorrhea pain, while among female students who lackedcalcium, there were 25 people (80.6%) who had dysmenorrhea pain.test resultsChi Squareshowedthat students who lack calcium had a risk of 8,750 times experiencing pain compared to students who had enough calcium(p-value = 0,000). Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, there is a correlation between calcium intake and dysmenorrhea in adolescents. Suggestion: It is recommended for adolescents to consume high calcium food sources to help prevent dysmenorrhea. xiii + 65 pages; 2019; 7 tables; 4pictures Bibliography: 40 pieces (2008-2019)

Item Type: Tugas Akhir Mahasiswa (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: asupan kalsium, dismenore, remaja
Subjects: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110703 Autoimmunity
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing > 111006 Midwifery
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
13 EDUCATION > 1399 Other Education
Divisions: Jurusan Kebidanan > Program Studi Diploma IV Kebidanan
Supervisor: Aprilianti, Cia and Julin Rarome, Maria
Depositing User: Akreditasi Kebidanan
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2021 07:38
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2021 07:38
URI: http://repo.poltekkes-palangkaraya.ac.id/id/eprint/1668

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