Determinan kejadian stunting pada balita usia 24-59 bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pahandut Kota Palangka Raya

Mustika Sari, Intan (2021) Determinan kejadian stunting pada balita usia 24-59 bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pahandut Kota Palangka Raya. Skripsi, PROGRAM STUDI SARJANA TERAPAN KEBIDANAN, POLTEKKES KEMENKES PALANGKARAYA.

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Abstract

Stunting adalah kondisi gagal pertumbuhan pada anak (tubuh dan otak) akibat kurangnya asupan gizi sehingga dapat mengakibatkan gangguan pertumbuhan anak memiliki tinggi badan yang kurang jika dibandingkan dengan umur. Berdasarkan WHO nilai Z-skor tinggi badan menurut usia (TB/U) kurang dari -2 standar deviasi (<-2 SD) dikategorikan sebagai stunting. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting di Puskesmas Pahandut Palangka Raya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional dengan rancangan desain penelitian cross sectional. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah 96 balita yang berada di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pahandut. Data dianalisis secara univariat dan bivariat dengan mengunakan uji chi-square. Didapatkan hasil bahwa faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting yaitu riwayat pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan p-value 0,031, riwayat penyakit infeksi denga p-value 0,041. Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa faktor yang memiliki hubungan bermakna dengan kejadian stunting di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pahandut Kota Palangka Raya yaitu faktor riwayat pemberian ASI eksklusif dan riwayat penyakit infeksi.

Stunting is a condition of growth failure in children (body and brain) due to lack of nutritional intake so that it can cause growth disorders in children who have less height compared to age. Maternal health and nutrition conditions during pregnancy and during pregnancy and after delivery can affect fetal growth and can lead to the risk of stunting. Based on WHO, the Z-score for height for age less than -2 standard deviations (<-2 SD) is categorized as stunting. Stunting is a linear growth disorder that can affect the increased risk of illness, death, delayed motor development disorders, and stunted mental growth. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the incidence of stunting at the Pahandut Public Health Center, Palangka Raya. This study used an observational method with a cross sectional research design. The sample in this study were 96 toddlers who were in the work area of the Pahandut Health Center. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate by using chi-square test. The results showed that the factors associated with stunting were a history of exclusive breastfeeding with a p-value of 0.031, a history of infectious diseases with a p-value of 0.041. Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that the factors that have a significant relationship with the incidence of stunting in the work area of the Pahandut Health Center, Palangka Raya City are the history of exclusive breastfeeding and a history of infectious diseases.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir Mahasiswa (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: stunting, ASI eksklusif, penyakit infeksi
Subjects: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing > 111006 Midwifery
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing
13 EDUCATION > 1399 Other Education
Divisions: Jurusan Kebidanan > Program Studi Diploma IV Kebidanan
Supervisor: Eka Hatini, Erina and Arisani, Greiny
Depositing User: Akreditasi Kebidanan
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2021 00:52
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2021 00:52
URI: http://repo.poltekkes-palangkaraya.ac.id/id/eprint/1639

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